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REV. RALPH CUDWORTH m. Mary Machell
GEN. JAMES CUDWORTH (d. 1682) of Scituate and Barnstable m. Mary Parker (d. bef. 1681)
REV. RALPH CUDWORTH
Rev. Ralph Cudworth married Mary Machell.
Children of Ralph Cudworth and Mary Machell:
GEN. JAMES CUDWORTH (d. 1682) of Scituate and Barnstable
Parents: Rev. Ralph Cudworth and Mary Machell
James Cudworth died in the autumn of 1682 in London. He is probably the James Cudworth who married Mary Parker on 1 Feb 1633/4 in Northam, Devonshire, England. Mary died before 15 Sep 1681, when she was not named in her husband's will. [Ref, pp. 254-5]
James was admitted freeman in Jan 1634/5. [Ref] Mr. Cudworth and his wife joined the church at Scituate on 18 Jan 1634. [Ref] He had one of the first houses in Scituate, before Sep 1634; it was small and plain. [Ref] He was later one of the Conihassett Partners of Scituate.
James Cudworth was on a 1640 list of inhabitants of Barnstable. [Ref] He was deputy to the General Court from Barnstable in 1640 and 1642. [Ref]
Thomas Byrd, a servant of James Cudworth of Barnstable, ran away and broke into a house or two in Barnstable, stealing food and clothes. On 2 Jan 1641/2, he was sentenced to be whipped. [Ref]
James is in the Scituate and Barnstable sections of the 1643 list of those between 16 and 60 able to bear arms in Plymouth Colony. [Ref]
He returned to Scituate after a few years in Barnstable. He was deputy to the General Court from Scituate in 1649. [Ref] He was captain of the militia in Scituate in 1652. [Ref] He was an Assistant in 1656 - 8. [Ref] He was a Commissioner of the United Colonies in 1657. [Ref]
James urged tolerance towards the Quakers. In 1658 he was left out of the magistracy and the board of Commissioners; he was deprived of his military command and, in 1660, disfranchised. [Ref] He was restored in Jul 1673 and was an Assistant again in 1674 - 80. [Ref]
During King Philip's War he was chosen "General and Commander in Chief". [Ref] In 1681 he was Deputy Governor and Commissioner. [Ref] In the summer of 1682 he was sent to England as an agent of the colony to obtain a new charter including Narragansett. He caught small pox in London and died there in the autumn of 1682. [Ref]
Children of James Cudworth and Sarah Unknown:
MARY CUDWORTH (bp. 1637)
Parents: James Cudworth and Sarah Unknown
Mary Cudworth was baptised on 23 Jul 1637 in Scituate. [Ref][Ref] She married Robert Whitcomb on 9 Mar 1660/1. [Ref, p. 254] They were fined 10 pounds in Scituate for having a Quaker marriage.
Anderson, Robert Charles, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633. Vol. 1-3. Boston, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995. Online: New England Historic Genealogical Society website.
Anderson, Robert Charles, George F. Sanborn, Jr., and Melinde Lutz Sanborn, The Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Vol. 2, Boston, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2001.
"Letter of James Cudworth of Scituate, 1634," New England Historical and Genealogical Register 14, 1860, 101-104.
Massachusetts Vital Records to 1850. Online Database: NewEnglandAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2001-2007.
Plymouth Colony Archive Project, http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/users/deetz, Court Records Laws and 17th Century Texts
David Hamblin, trans. "The First Settlers of Barnstable," New England Historical and Genealogical Register 2, 1848, 64-67.
Otis, Amos, trans., "Scituate and Barnstable Church Records," New England Historical and Genealogical Register 9, 1855, 279-287; 10,1856, 37-43, 345-351.
Shurtleff, Nathaniel B., "List of Those Able to Bear Arms in the Colony of New Plymouth 1643," New England Historical and Genealogical Register 4, 1850, 255-259.
W. H. W., "Early Marriages and Births in Scituate, Mass. Prior to 1700," New England Historical and Genealogical Society 18, 1864, 285-287.; 19, 1865, 219-221.