The COLBY Family of Semplingham, Lincolnshire, England, Aslackby, Lincolnshire, England, Horbling, Lincolnshire, England, Boston, Suffolk, MA, Amesbury, Essex, MA, Ipswich, Essex, MA, Salisbury, Essex, MA, Candia, Rockingham, NH, Hampton Falls, Rockingham, NH, Chester, Rockingham, NH, Thornton, Grafton, NH, Derby, Orleans, VT and Montpelier, Washington, VT
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MATTHEW COLBY (d. 1591) of Pointon, Sempringham m. Mary Unknown (d. 1591)
Richard Jackson of Horbling m. Elizabeth Unknown
THOMAS COLBY (bp. 1567 - 1625) of Sempringham, Aslackby and Horbling
ANNE JACKSON (prob. c. 1571 - aft. 1625)
ANTHONY COLBY (bp. 1605 - 1660) of Horbling, Boston, Ipswich, Salisbury and Amesbury m. Susanna Unknown (d. 1689)
CAPT. NEHEMIAH COLBY (1785 - 1862) of Derby m. Melinda Larrabee (1790 - 1842)
INDEX TO COLBY FILES
MATTHEW COLBY of Pointon, Sempringham (d. 1591)
Matthew Colby of Pointon was buried on 10 Oct 1591. [Ref, p. 131] He married Mary Unknown. [Ref, p. 131] She died on 18 Dec 1591. [Ref, p. 131]
In his will, dated 8 Oct 1591, Matthew asked to be buried in the churchyard at Sempringham. [Ref, p. 131] He mentioned his sons John, Edward, William, Thomas "the elder" and Thomas "the younger one" Colby; his brother Robert Colby; his wife Mary; Agnes Colby the daughter of Thomas Colby of Horbling. [Ref, p. 131]
In her will, dated 1 Dec 1591, Mary Colby of Pointon mentions Thomas Colby the elder; "Edward my son"; Thomas Colby the younger, "William my son", "Agnes my daughter", "Elizabeth my daughter", Robert Colby, "John my son". [Ref, p. 131]
Children of Matthew and Mary Colby:
Generation 2THOMAS COLBY (bp. 1567 - 1625) of Sempringham, Aslackby, and Horbling
Parents: Matthew Colby and Mary Unknown
Thomas Colby was baptised on 11 Dec 1625 in Sempringham. [Ref, p. 129] He was buried on 11 Dec 1625. [Ref, p. 129] He married Anne Jackson on 4 May 1596. [Ref, p. 129]
In his will of 10 Dec 1625, Thomas calls himself a tailor of Horbling. He names his sons William, Richard, Anthony, Matthew and Robert Colby and his wife Agnes (Anne). [Ref, p. 129]
Children of Thomas Colby and Anne Jackson:
ANNE JACKSON (b. prob. c. 1571 - aft. 1625)
Parents: Richard and Elizabeth Jackson of Horbling. [Ref, p. 129]
Anne Jackson was probably born about 1571. [Ref, p. 129] She survived her husband. She married Thomas Colby on 4 May 1596. [Ref, p. 129]
Generation 3ANTHONY COLBY (bp. 1605 - 1660) of Horbling, Boston, Ipswich, Salisbury and Amesbury
Parents: Thomas Colby and Anne Jackson [Ref, p. 130]
Anthony Colby was baptised on 8 Sep 1605 in Horbling, Lincolnshire. [Ref] He died on 11 (12) 1660 in Salisbury. [Ref] He married Susanna Unknown. [Ref][Ref, p. 3, says "perhaps Haddon", but there is no evidence of this.] The Great Migration Begins Project says that he married by 1633 the widow Susanna Waterman. [Ref] Unknown Waterman was granted land at Boston and this land was later sold by Anthony and Susanna to James Pennyman. [Ref] Susanna died on 8 Jul 1689 in Salisbury. [Ref, p. 3] She married third William Whitridge between 24 Dec 1662 and 12 (2) 1664. [Ref; 5;135] He died on 5 Dec 1668. [Ref, p. 3]
In the entry for John Bosworth in the Great Migration Begins project, it is noted that the names in the Boston church records appear in the following sequence: Anthony Chaulby, John Boswell, Joseph Reading, Garrett Hadden. In the Massachusetts Bay lists of freemen we have the sequence: Jerad Hadden, Joseph Redding, Anthony Colby, John Bosworth. In addition, Colby, Haddon and Redding all moved from Boston to Cambridge by 1633; Colby moved next to Ipswich (1637) and then Salisbury (1640); Haddon moved next to Salisbury; Redding moved next to Ipswich (1639); all three men were single in 1630. This suggests that the four men were associated in some way; that they might not have been 21 in 1630. The latter assertion is also consistent with their marriage dates. This suggests that they may have come to New England together as servants. In the Winthrop fleet, one man, Simon Bradstreet, settled first in Boston, moved to Cambridge and then to Ipswich and was wealthy enough to have servants. Thus, it is is argued that these four young men were from near Simon Bradstreet's home in Horbling, Lincolnshire and came to New England in 1630 as his servants. [Ref] Earlier writers suggested that Anthony came from Beccles, co. Suffolk, but in 1975 Glade Ian Nelson showed that the Beccles Anthony was still in England long after Anthony the immigrant was in New England. [Ref]
"Anthony Chaulby" was admitted to the Boston church as member 93, which would be in the winter of 1630/1 [Ref]. Anthony's name is on the 14 May 1634 list of freemen. [Ref]
Anthony Colby of Ipswich sued John Hall of Saugus at the 3 (8) 1637 meeting of the court at Salem. [Ref]
By a deed dated 25 (1) 1645 Anthony Colby of Salisbury traded four acres of upland on the west side of the Pawwaus River, bounded by the highway and William Sargeant's land, to Josiah Cobham for land in Salisbury on the west side of the Pawwaus River. [Ref] On 2 August 1646 "Anthony Colby according to his desire had letters of dismission" from Boston church "unto the Church at Salsbury" [Ref]. His name is on a list of the original inhabitants of Salisbury from a town meeting on 3 (12) 1650. [Ref]
Anthony and his son John were on a 19 Mar 1654/5 list of the first settlers in Amesbury. [Ref]
Anthony appears to have held no public offices other than juryman. He was on the trial jury at the 26 (7) 1648 court at Hampton and the 12 (2) 1653 court at Salisbury. [Ref] He was on the grand jury at the 9 (2) 1650 court at Salisbury and the 1 (8) 1650 court at Hampton. [Ref] He was on the petty jury at the 3 (8) 1654 court at Hampton. [Ref]
Anthony died intestate. [Ref] Inventory was taken on his estate on 9 Mar 1660 and sworn to by the widow Colby. It amounted to a respectable £359 19s. 4d., less debts of £14 5s. 6d. Division of the estate was done on 9 Apr 1661; it was split between his widow and her two youngest children, presumably Mary and Thomas; Sarah, the wife of Orlando Bagley; John, Samuel, Isaac and Rebecca Colby. The division was confirmed on 4 (2) 1663. [Ref]
By a deed dated 24 Dec 1662, and signed with her mark, the widow Susanna Colby of Salisbury conveyed three acres of boggy meadow at Salisbury to Samuel Colby for a young mare. Susanna Whitridge acknowledged this in court on 12 (2) 1664. [Ref 5;135]
In Apr 1679 Susanna Whitridge, administratrix of Anthony Colby's estate, and others were unsuccessfully sued by William Osgood. [Ref] William Osgood later sued her successfully and the writ, dated 18 (7) 1682, was served by Susanna's son Samuel as constable for Amesbury. In Sep 1682 the Court ordered Susanna's sons Samuel, Isaac and Thomas to look after their mother as she was incapable of looking after herself. [Ref] Susanna's small estate was divided on 4 Aug 1700. Samuel, as the eldest surviving son, was given a double portion. Equal shares were given to the children of John Colby, the children of Isaac Colby, the children of Thomas Colby, the children of Sarah Colby, the children of Rebecca Colby and the children of Mary Colby. [Ref]
Anthony's offspring and grandchildren were not always models of good behaviour.
The Court was informed of 'great misdemeanors' at John Colby's house and in
Mar 1665 Nathaniel Bernard was fined for fighting, Mary Colby was fined for
bold and uncivil carriage in pulling Walter Taylor's cap off of his head and
pulling him off the seat backwards, Samuel Colby
was fined for abetting Nathaniel Barnard and John Colby was fined for cursing
and allowing this behaviour to occur in his house. John was warned not to entertain
men's sons or servants without their parents' or masters' leave. [Ref]
On 30 (8) 1677 Mr Wells, the minister of Amesbury, claimed that while he was away from home, a group met at his house. One of the group, Samuel Week, woke the minister's wife and kissed her. John Colby and Orlando Bagley were part of the group and were fined and admonished as abettors. [Ref] The matter was revisited at the Nov 1679 Court, where it was learned that Samuel Week had kissed the minister's wife on a bet and that John Colby had held a light to ensure that the wager was carried out. [Ref] Also at that Court, Nathaniel Barnard, Mary Colby, John Colby and Walter Tayler were again complained of for 'great misdemeanors' at John's house, for fighting and excessive drinking. Nathaniel was convicted. [Ref] Presumably the John Colby in these misadventures was John's son John, who would have been 21 at the time. This son John was a soldier in King Philip's War, taking part in the Falls Fight under Capt. William Turner. [Ref 41;211] On 19 May 1676, Captain Turner led more than 150 mounted settlers on a surprise attack on a sleeping Indian camp at Peskeompskut and killed as many as two hundred people, most of them women and children. [Ref]
Photos of Anthony Colby's house
Children of Anthony Colby and Susanna Unknown:
Generation 4SAMUEL COLBY (abt 1638 - 1715/6) of Amesbury
Parents: Anthony Colby and Susanna Unknown [Ref, p. 8]
Samuel Colby was born about 1638. [Ref, p. 8] He died between 6 Mar 1715/6, when he signed his will, and 2 Jul 1716, when it was proved, in Amesbury. [Ref, p. 9] He married Elizabeth Sargeant. [Ref][Ref, p. 8]
He was on the trial jury at the 12 Apr 1670 and 14 Nov 1676 Courts at Salisbury and on the 8 (8) 1678 Court at Hampton. [Ref] He took the oath of allegiance in Amesbury on 20 Dec 1677. [Ref][Ref] In 1682 Samuel was constable for Amesbury. [Ref]
Samuel was not a well behaved ancestor. In Mar 1665 He was fined for rowdiness at his brother John's house. [Ref] He was fined for 'abusing the watch' in Mar 1666. [Ref] In Nov 1679 Samuel and others were complained of for bad behaviour at his nephew John's house. [Ref]
On Oct 1678 Samuel was fined for selling wine retail without a license; he appealed. [Ref] In Apr 1679 his license to keep an ordinary in Amesbury was renewed. [Ref] In May of 1680 his license was again renewed for a year; it was further renewed in Mar 1682. [Ref] A 9 Apr 1686 warrent called for Samuel Colby of Amesbury to answer for sellling cider. He appeated at the Apr 1686 court and was discharged. The same warrent called for Elizabeth Colby to answer for fornication with Philip Caul of Ipswich. [Ref, 9;600] It was said that she had left the colony. This Elizabeth might be Samuel's daughter or his niece Elizabeth Colby.
Jacob Chase of Newbury certified that he was in the 1676 Falls fight with Capt. Turner and helped to bury him and that Samuel Colby, late of Amesbury, deceased was with him. Samuel's son Samuel was awarded land in recognition of this. [Ref 41;211-3]
In Sep 1682 the Court ordered Samuel and his brothers Isaac and Thomas to look after their mother as she was incapable of looking after herself. [Ref]
By a deed dated 26 (5) 1664 Samuel Colby of Salisbury, planter, conveyed the 40-acre lot that he bought from William Allen to his brother Isaac Colby. [Ref 5;181] By a deed dated 26 (5) 1664 he conveyed to his brother Isaac Colby of Salisbury, planter, three acres of fresh meadow purchased from his mother Susanna, now the wife of William Whitridge. [Ref 5;181] By a deed dated 6 May 1669 Samuel Colby of Haverhill, planter, and his wife Elizabeth conveyed to Isaac Colby of Haverhill, planter, half of the land in Haverhill that Samuel bought from Robert Clements for £25 and 24 acres of upland in Amesbury, bounded by the Merrimack River and the Haverhill highway. [Ref 10;110]
Children of Samuel Colby and Elizabeth Sargeant:
SAMUEL COLBY (b. 1671 - bef. 1746) of Amesbury
Parents: Samuel Colby and Elizabeth Sargeant [Ref, p. 23]
Samuel Colby was born on 9 Mar 1671 in Amesbury. [Ref][Ref, p. 23] He died before 29 Sep 1746, when his wife was appointed aministratrix of his estate. [Ref, p. 23] He married Dorothy Ambrose.
Samuel is on a 23 Dec 1708 list of 'snowshoe' soldiers of Amesbury. [Ref]
Samuel Colby, son of Samuel of Amesbury, was given a first choice of lots in the new tract at Deerfield by a 1 Aug 1741 order of the Court. This was apparently in recognition of being the descendant of a man who took part in the Fall's Fight in King Philip's war. [Ref 41;211-3]
Children of Samuel Colby and Dorothy Ambrose:
ENS. ENOCH COLBY (1702 - 1780) of Hampton Falls and Chester
Parents: Samuel Colby and Dorothy Ambrose [Ref, p. 53]
Ens. Enoch Colby was born on 7 Nov 1702 in Amesbury. [Ref, p. 53] His gravestone in Chester says that he died on 19 Jul 1780, age 77. [Ref] He married first Abigail Sanborn on 16 Dec 1725 in Hampton Falls. [Ref, p. 53][Ref] He married second [his double second cousin] Sarah Sargeant on 15 Dec 1748 in Chester. [Ref, p. 53]
Enoch Colby appears on the 1727 Hampton Falls tax list. [Ref, p. 493] On 10 Sep 1727 Abigail Colby was dismissed from the church at Hampton Falls to the church at Chester. [Ref]
On 1 Jan 1723 Benjamin Sanborn of Hampton gave Enoch Colby of Hampton one half of his right in Chester and the house on that lot. [Ref, p. 493] By a deed dated 26 Feb 1730/1, Samuel Smith, Jr and Stephen Smith sold Enoch Colby of Chester lot 39 in the first division in Chester. [Ref] Enoch bought land in Chester from Judith Rowell and John Saunders and his wife in 1744. [Ref, p. 583]
Enoch was appointed surveyor of the highways in Chester on 7 Mar 1730. [Ref][Ref, p. 493, only gives the year] He was on a committee to take care of the provision of the ordination of Rev. Hail in 1731. [Ref, pp. 76-7] He was a selectman in 1731. [Ref, p. 54] He was appointed field driver on 29 Mar 1733. [Ref] He was appointed tithingman on 28 Mar 1734. [Ref] On 7 Aug 1740 the General Assembly constituted two parishes in Chester, one Congregationalist and one Presbyterian. Enoch was of of three men authorised to call the first meeting of the Congregational Church. [Ref, p. 92] On 31 Mar 7143 Enoch was appointed to a committee to dispose of all of the old lead and glass in the meeting house and to put in new glazing. [Ref, pp. 94-5] He was appointed to a committee to meet with the Kingston committee and settle the boundary between the two towns on 27 Jun 1745. [Ref, p. 64] He was an ensign in 1749. [Ref]
He is on the 1778 tax list in Candia. [Ref 3;103]
He signed his will on 5 Jan 1779. [Ref, p. 54] It was proved on 30 Aug 1780 [Ref, p. 493][Ref, p. 54]
Children of Enoch Colby and Abigail Sanborn:
Children of Enoch Colby and Sarah Sergeant:
ENOCH COLBY (bp. 1728 - 1778) of Candia
Parents: Ens. Enoch Colby and Abigail Sanborn [Ref, p. 106]
Enoch Colby was born about 1726 in Hampton Falls. [Ref, p. 54] He was baptised on 1 Dec 1728. [Ref] Presumably he is the Enoch Colby who died in 1778 and is buried in the Hill Cemetery in Candia. [Ref] He was buried as a Revolutionary War soldier in the First Cemetery in Candia. [Ref] He married Abigail Blaisdell [Ref][Ref, p. 493] about 1753. [Ref, p. 106]
Enoch settled in Candia on lot 89, 3rd division in 1750. [Ref][Ref, p. 494] In 1763 he was one of 38 citizens of the town who signed a petition asking that they might be incorporated. [Ref]
Enoch Colby, Jr. sold 20 acres to Abraham Fitts for £720 on 2 Jul 1763. [Ref, p. 519-20]
Enoch signed the Association Test at Candia in 1776. [Ref, p. 106] He is on the 1778 tax list in Candia. [Ref 3;103] He is in the 1790 census for Candia, living with two boys under sixteen and three females. [Ref]
Children of Enoch Colby and Abigail Blaisdell:
SAMUEL COLBY (1766 - 1834) of Thornton and Derby
Parents: Enoch Colby and Abigail Blaisdell [Ref, p. 183]
Samuel Colby was born in 1766 in Candia. [Ref, p. 183] He died on 23 Jun 1834 in Derby, age 68. [Ref, p. 183] He married Ruth French. [Ref, p. 183][Ref, p. 494]
According to the census, in 1790 Samuel was living in Thornton with three boys under 16 and one female. [Ref]
By 1800 Samuel had moved to Derby, where he was living with one boy under ten, one boy, 10-15, one girl under 10 and two women 26-44. [Ref] In 1810 he was living in Derby with one boy under 10, one boy 10-15, one boy 16-25, one girl 10-15, one girl 16-25 and a woman 26-44. [Ref] In 1820 he was living in Derby with a man 26 - 45, three boys under ten, a woman over 45, a woman 26 - 45 and a girl under ten. Two people in his household were engaged in agriculture. [Ref] In 1830 he was living in Derby with a woman 60 - 70, a man 20 - 30 and a boy under five. [Ref]
Children of Samuel Colby and Ruth French:
CAPT. NEHEMIAH COLBY (1785 - 1862) of Derby
Nehemiah Colby was born in 1785 in Thornton. [Ref, p. 243] He died in 1862. [Ref, p. 13][Ref, p. 172-5] He married first Melinda Larrabee. [Ref]
Melinda (Malinda) Larrabee was born in 1790. [Ref, p. 13][Ref, p. 172-5] She died on 19 Nov 1842 in Derby. [Ref, w. Hon. N, age 51][Ref, p. 243] A death notice for Melinda Colby of Derby, the wife of Nathaniel Colby, Esq., appeared on 29 Nov 1842. [Ref] She was the daughter of John Larrabee. [Ref, p. 13][Ref, p. 172-5] She is buried in the Derby Centre Cemetery. [Ref]
Nehemiah was a storekeeper and postmaster in Derby for nearly 30 years. [Ref, p. 243] He was the town clerk in Derby for 15 years, beginning in 1814. [Ref] He was a Congregationalist. [Ref, p. 13]
In 1820 Nehemiah was living in Derby with a woman 26 - 45, a boy and a girl 16 - 26 and three boys under 10. One person in his household was engaged in agriculture and two people were engaged in farming. [Ref] In 1830 he was living in Derby with a woman 30 - 40, a man and a woman 20 - 30, a boy 15 - 20, a girl 5 - 10 and a boy and a girl under five. [Ref] In 1840 he was living in Derby with a woman 40 - 50, two men and a woman 20 - 30, a boy 15 - 20, a girl 10 - 15, and a boy and a girl 5 - 10. [Ref] In 1850 Nehemiah was living in Derby with George R., age 25, Olive A., age 18, and Nehemiah M., age 15. He was a farmer with real estate worth $6,000. [Ref] In 1860 Nehemiah was living with his son George's family. He was a retired merchant with real estate worth $3,000 and a personal estate of $1,400. [Ref]
Nehemiah and Melinda had 13 children. [Ref, p. 13]
Children of Nehemiah Colby and Melinda Larrabee:
Hon. Stoddard Benham Colby was born on 3 Feb 1816 in Derby. [Ref, p. 243][Ref] He died on 21 Sep 1867 [Ref][Ref, p. 243] in Haverhill, New Hampshire [Ref]. He married first Harriet Elizabeth Proctor on 10 Feb 1840. [Ref] He married second Ellen Cornelia Hunt on 12 Jul 1855. [Ref, p. 243] Ellen was the daughter of Caleb Hunt of Haverhill, New Hampshire. [Ref, p. 243]
Stoddard graduated from Dartmouth in 1836. [Ref, p. 243][Ref] He was Representative to the legislature from 1841 to 1864. [Ref, p. 243] He was an attorney and the state's attorney for Washington county, Vermont in 1851. [Ref, p. 243] He was Register of the US Treasury from 1863 to 1867. [Ref, p. 243] He received an honorary LLD degree from Dartmouth just before his death. [Ref]
In 1840 Stoddard and Harriet were living by themselves in Derby. [Ref] In 1850 Stoddard, age 34, and Harriet, age 30, were living in Montpelier with Jabez P., age 9, Laura, age 6, and Edward, age 2. Stoddard had real estate worth $2,800. [Ref] In 1860 Stoddard, age 43, was living in Montpelier with Ellen H. Colby, age 26, Laura M. Colby, age 17, and Edward P. Colby, age 12. He was an attorney with real estate worth $7,000 and a personal estate of $5,000. [Ref]
Children of Stoddard B. Colby and Harriet E. Proctor:
Children of Stoddard B. Colby and Ellen Cornelia Hunt:
LAURA MELINDA COLBY (1844 - 1921)
Laura Melinda Colby was born on 13 Feb 1844 in Derby. [Ref] She died on 14 Dec 1921 in Tisbury, Dukes county, Massachusetts. [Ref] An announcement appeared in the 15 Dec 1921 Vineyard Gazette. [Ref] She married Brig. Gen. Asa Bacon Carey on 31 Jul 1867 in Montpelier. [Ref][Ref, p. 273]
Laura filed for a veteran's widow's pension on 3 Aug 1912. [Ref] According to the 1920 census, in 1920 Laura was living with her sister-in-law Elizabeth [Cary] Geer and a nurse companion in Tisbury. She is described as a 75-year old widow, born in Vermont.
Her entry in The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, v. 81, p. 304 [Ref]:
"Mrs. Laura Colby Carey.
photo: Laura Melinda Colby and her brother
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